Originally from Southeast Asia, Aglaonema can be found in tropical regions like India, China, Vietnam, Thailand, Singapore, and the Philippines, thriving on riverbanks and other disturbed areas.
Despite this, the plant fits perfectly in our apartments and is gradually gaining popularity among florists.
The Aglaonema is prized for its exquisitely beautiful leaves. The color and shape of the leaves vary greatly depending on the species and cultivars, and their variety will not disappoint any plant enthusiast.
It is an evergreen herbaceous plant belonging to the Araceae family and is known as Aglaonema. The plant’s name is derived from two Greek words: “aglos,” which means “bright” or “shiny,” and “nema,” which means “thread” (stamen).
Aglaonema is a close relative of Dieffenbachia, and it resembles its appearance, but it is smaller has narrower leaves and flowers for a more extended period.
An extremely short trunk can only be seen in mature plants, and even then, it is because the lower leaves have fallen off.
The leaves are complete, dense, leathery, and ovate or lanceolate in shape 3-6 inches (9-16) cm long leaves are typical.
The middle vein is hidden on the front side of the leaf, but it stands out a lot on the back.
Depending on the variety, leaves can be any shade of green with contrasting veins and fringes in a rainbow of hues.
Aglaonema is a flowering plant, but the flowers aren’t particularly eye-catching. Between February and November, the axils of the leaves develop 1 to 3 cob-shaped inflorescences that are draped in a pale green veil. Corn is divided into two types:
- Thick and club-shaped – up to half-inch (1 cm) wide and 1.5 inches (4 cm) long;
- Cylindrical, up to 0.2 inch (0.5 cm) wide and about 2.5 inch (6 cm) long.
It is common practice for gardeners to cut them off so that the plant doesn’t spend its energy on flowering and grows a few new leaves.
If not, you’ll have to wait for the appearance of reddish berries with a single seed inside. Then, after six to nine months, the berries will be ripe enough to be propagated.
The berries of Aglaonema are poisonous, as are all other parts of the plant. Therefore, please do not eat them. The plant’s extract is toxic to your body. Do not let children touch the plant with their hands, and if you have pets, put the pot away or don’t plant aglaonemas at home. When transplanting pruning, ensure to wear gloves.
Aglaonema Species And Varieties
In the wild, there are more than 50 species of aglaonemas, and many of them can thrive in the home.
Depending on how fast or slow they grow, they can be classified as one of three different types: low, medium, or high growth.
Small Types of Aglaonema
Only grows to a maximum of 25 cm. Leaves that are either drooping or creeping.
In addition to its heart-shaped leaves, the rounded Aglaonema is distinguished by its dark green color.
Intricate white or bright crimson stripes run parallel to their veins, depending on the type. It blooms in a pink cob covered in white-pink petals.
Aglaonema costatum is the smallest of the species. Tropical forests of southwest Malaysia are home to this species’ ancestors. The base of the trunk is where the branches come out of.
The leaves are about 8 inches long and 4 inches wide. The leaves are ovate in shape and dark green in color. The front of the leaf has a bright stripe running along the central vein.
The rest of the leaf is covered in light specks and streaks that appear randomly across the surface. A white cob with a green coverlet occurs during flowering.
The trunk of the short Aglaonema is hidden beneath the soil, so only the leaves that grow directly from the ground are visible.
The leaves are elongated and have pointed ends. They have a pleasant, gentle green color with a single white stripe running down the center vein. A white veil drapes over the cob on which it blooms.
Its leaves are emerald green in young specimens, with a pinkish central vein and pale green on the lateral veins.
As they grow older, the pink dots become more numerous and take up more and more space on the leaf plates.
Aglaonema Butterfly prefers warm and bright environments, frequent watering, and shower baths but does not enjoy direct sunshine.
Medium Height Aglaonema
They can reach 20-24 inches (50-60 cm) in height, have long up to 12 inches (about 30 cm) leaves, and a straight trunk.
Aglaonema Maria is a medium-sized shrub that can grow 60 cm tall. It has a dense crown of 8 inches (20 cm) of dark green leaves with light green spots.
This species is easy to care for, making it ideal for those who don’t have the time to devote to plants.
It retains its aesthetic value whether grown in the shade or under artificial lighting. Also, it can withstand long periods of drought.
Aglaonema Silver Queen
In other words, the Silver Queen is Maria’s polar opposite. Dark spots are symmetrically distributed along the veins of the silvery (sometimes bluish) leaves.
Bushes can grow to be 18 inches (45 cm) tall, with leaves 6-11 inches (15-30 cm) long. This species enjoys exposure to air and sunlight.
The coloring of the leaves is similar to that of Maria, but the leaves of Aglaonema Treubii are more extended, narrower, and sparse.
Tropical Indochina’s mountain slopes are home to Aglaonema modest. It reaches a height of 20 inches (50 cm). It has large, monotonous oval leaves blunt at the base and pointed toward the tips.
The convex veins give the foliage an embossed appearance. This species is highly recommended for indoor use due to its ability to remove harmful impurities from the air.
The pattern on the leaves consists of white, beige, silver, and a few shades of green. The bush grows to 20 inches (50 cm) in height and has a lush crown.
This variety has reddish edging and veining and scattered spots on the leaf’s front surface. There is also a reddish hue to the undersides of the leaves and stems.
Regardless of how bright the shades are, this variety dislikes bright light and prefers to grow in the shade.
Aglaonema Cutlass has long, narrow leaves tightly gathered in a rosette, making the bush look like a palm tree. The leaves are a light green color with a darker border and veining.
Aglaonema ‘White Lance’
White Lance (White Lance) has a unique and appealing appearance. The glossy leaves have a spear-like shape and are narrow and long. They stand upright in a dense rosette.
A green stripe runs along the edge of the white-green leaves. The central vein is white, but it is also convex in shape. Taking care of this species isn’t a big deal.
Even though it’s only 20 centimeters tall, it looks fantastic. The bush looks like someone sprayed peach paint on it, and it froze into these pretty splashes and drops.
If a plant is given a particular name, it has some connection to it. However, the tail of this variety resembles that of a peacock.
With its green and silver colors, the spotted foliage looks a little like the fluffy feathers of an exotic bird.
Aglaonema Super White
A species with almost no green color left. The leaf plates are all white, except for a slight green border at the edge of each one. To keep its vibrant hue, the plant necessitates a lot of light.
Tall Varieties of Aglaonemas
Aglaonemas that are particularly tall are obtained through selection from shade-tolerant species.
This has made this group of Aglaonemas the most popular among growers. The height of these plants is easily five feet (1.5 meters).
Aglaonema Silver Bay
It can reach a height of one meter. The plant starts to grow right away from the root. It has leaves up to 12 inches (30 cm) long, is oval, and has pointed tips.
There are dark stripes and spots on the leaf edges, with the center of the leaf appearing almost white. The color of the leaves darkens as they age.
Every leaf has a dark reverse side. Easy to maintain, Aglaonema Silver Bay is resistant to cold and heat, droughts, and excessive watering, making it excellent for any garden.
Aglaonema BJ Freeman
Friedman can reach a maximum height of 1.5 meters. Such a plant is perfect for sprucing up a room by itself.
Intriguing silvery gray, Large, wavy-edged leaves and dark green speckles on silvery gray and undulating surfaces of broad leaves. It is also marketed as ‘Cecilia’ and ‘Gabrielle.’
The Aglaonema Stripes are an excellent addition to any room. From a distance, its leaves resemble those of a watermelon. They have white vein stripes that gradually merge into a single white spot as they get closer to the tip.
Aglaonema Pattaya Beauty
The most common interspecific hybrid is Aglaonema ‘Pattaya Beauty.’ The plant has a unique elegance to it. It grows in a limited manner, with thin and slender stems.
Long green speckled petioles support the large leaves. The lower leaves fall off as it matures, and the plant resembles a palm – a bare trunk with a “cap” on top.
The leaf plate is visually divided into three roughly equal parts: green sides and a light gray center. The darker the shade, the older the plant is. The oval leaves have flat edges and a pointed tip.
Aglaonema ‘Pattaya Beauty’ is most at ease in dimly lit environments. Because of this, it can thrive in arid, fluctuating temperatures and lack of water in the harsh conditions of the desert.
Also known as the Philippine evergreen is found in the Philippines and is called that because it grows there.
This plant has a long stem and red fruits. The leaves are attached to the stem by very long petioles.
The leaves can measure up to 30 centimeters in length and 10 centimeters in width. Color of leaf blades varies according to variety:
- Aglaonema commutatum var. warburgii- the green leaf is striped with white along the lateral veins;
- Aglaonema commutatum var. elegans– a random pattern of light color on elongated greenish leaves;
- Aglaonema commutatum var. maculatum- Leaves are covered in white smears that run along the lateral veins of the dark green elongate ovals.
Aglaonema Silver Curly
Aglaonema curly is indigenous to the Philippines. Aglaonema curly gets its name from the plant’s curly appearance. The densely branched bush comprises grayish-silver ellipse-shaped leaves that have green edging.
Species of this genus begin to bloom in the early stages of the fall. The veil surrounding the inflorescence is green at first and then turns yellow. The berries of Aglaonema curly begin as yellow, then turn to a deep red color over time.
This Aglaonema species has recently become popular in terrariums, where it can be kept out of direct sunlight and protected from heat.
An ornamental plant that can grow up to 3-4 feet (1m) in height is considered ideal for a terrarium background and further highlights the beauty of exotic animals.
Aglaonema Nitidum Green
Lowland rainforests of Malaysia and Thailand are home to this species. The trunk stands about 3-4 feet (1m) tall.
It has long, oblong leaves that can measure up to 1.5 feet (45 cm). Bright to dark green, the leaves have a glossy, gleaming appearance. It is notable for its white berries.
The long petioles that connect the leaves to the stem characterize this species. The petiole reaches 8inches (20 cm) in length with a leaf length of 11inches (30 cm). Silvery-white stripes are patterned transversely across the leaf plates’ surfaces.
Aglaonema King of Siam
You can tell it apart from other varieties because it has thick white petioles with long dark green leaves and white veins. The mature shrub develops a dense crown and a compact growth habit.
Attempting to list all the different kinds of Aglaonema would take a long time due to the sheer number of other species. To give you an idea of how diverse this excellent plant is, I’ve only mentioned a few of the most popular varieties.