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Do Coffee Trees Flower?: Tips for Flowering Success

Everyone has seen a coffee tree at least once. Recently, coffee trees, which produce the coffee beans we know and love, have gained popularity as houseplants. But did you know that coffee trees can actually produce flowers?

The flowers on a coffee tree play a crucial role in producing coffee beans. In this article, we will cover the following topics for those who want to grow coffee trees and make them bloom or for those who are already growing coffee trees but can’t seem to get them to flower:

  • The symbolic meaning and feng shui benefits of coffee tree flowers
  • Key points and methods for making a coffee tree bloom
  • Interesting facts about coffee tree flowers
  • Common questions about coffee tree flowers

When you finish reading this article, whether you’re growing a coffee tree or considering doing so, you should be well-equipped to help your coffee tree blossom.


Do Coffee Trees Really Bloom?

Indoor Coffea arabica plants bloom with fragrant flowers

Let’s address your questions one by one: Do coffee trees bloom? If so, what kind of flowers do they produce, and when do they bloom?

Answer: Yes, coffee trees can produce flowers.

Their flowers are rich in nectar, attracting insects seeking the sweet substance. Coffee flowers play a vital role in producing coffee beans, and a bountiful flowering period is one of the conditions for producing high-quality beans.

The flowers are a rare white color.

So, coffee flowers are a rare white color. They are small, about half an inch, and resemble tiny stars. Apart from white, some coffee tree varieties can also produce pink or red flowers.

They bloom for a brief period between May and June.

Generally, coffee flowers bloom in early summer, between May and June, and wither within two to three days.

The symbolic meaning of coffee tree flowers is “Let’s rest together.”

The fleeting coffee flowers may pique your interest in their symbolic meaning. The meaning of coffee tree flowers is “Let’s rest together.” This symbolism is derived from relaxing while enjoying a cup of coffee.

However, it also encompasses the desire to spend time with important people in your life and the wish to share moments with cherished friends and loved ones.

The feng shui benefits of coffee trees include boosting wealth, work, and health.

Coffee trees’ main feng shui benefits are enhancing wealth, work, and health. As for placement, it is recommended to place the coffee tree as a houseplant in your home’s entrance, which is considered the entry point for energy, or in the living room, the center of the house.

Conditions for Coffee Trees to Bloom

Coffee trees not only produce beautiful flowers but also offer feng shui benefits.

So, how should I grow a coffee tree to encourage it to bloom? And how many years after germination will it take for the tree to flower?

Focus on healthy growth for the first three years.

It is said that a coffee tree takes about three years at the earliest to start producing flowers. In the first one or two years after germination, the coffee tree will grow up to about 3 feet (1 meter) tall but not produce any flowers.

So, for the first three years, focus on ensuring the tree grows healthy. Now, let’s discuss how to promote healthy growth in more detail.

Plant the tree in a deep pot when repotting.

When repotting, choose a deeper pot. If the roots become cramped, the tree’s growth can slow down and negatively affect its health.

Therefore, choosing a pot that is deep enough to allow the roots to extend comfortably and circle the pot’s interior is generally recommended.

Maintain good drainage.

For a coffee tree to grow healthily, it’s essential to maintain good drainage. The coffee tree’s native region is Ethiopia in South America, which is basically drought-resistant.

As a result, coffee trees prefer well-draining soil. On the other hand, if the drainage is poor, it can attract pests like flies and cause root rot.

Three critical factors for making a coffee tree bloom: wind, light, and water

So far, I’ve explained how to grow a healthy coffee tree. Let’s discuss the three critical elements needed to bloom a coffee tree. By properly managing these three factors, your coffee tree will grow healthily.

Provide moderate light and manage the temperature of your coffee tree

Although coffee trees like sunlight, exposing them to too much direct sunlight can cause leaf scorch, resulting in brown leaves. Ideally, coffee trees should be placed in partial shade.

In particular, from early July to mid-September, during summer days, move the tree to a shaded area or install shade to adjust the light levels.

Watering appropriately is crucial

While coffee trees are drought-tolerant plants, it’s essential to water them appropriately, depending on the season.

In the summer, thoroughly water the tree after the surface dries; in the winter, let it dry out slightly.

Additionally, coffee trees dislike water accumulating at the bottom of the pot, so use well-draining soil and ensure excess moisture can drain away.

Prune and repot regularly to improve airflow around the coffee tree

Coffee trees prefer environments with good airflow and low humidity. Exposing them to wind makes it easier for moisture to evaporate, preventing diseases and pests. Place the tree in a well-ventilated area and prune it regularly.

Making A Coffee Tree Bloom: How To Grow It

So far, I’ve explained the essential points to make a coffee tree bloom. Now, I’d like to delve into more specific instructions on how to grow a coffee tree that produces flowers.

Indoor-grown Coffea arabica develops flower buds, leading to beans for brewing coffee.
Indoor-grown Coffea arabica develops flower buds, leading to beans for brewing coffee

Place the tree in partial shade

As mentioned earlier, coffee trees can suffer from leaf scorch if exposed to too much direct sunlight.

To avoid this, use curtains or other means to block direct sunlight or place the tree in a location where you can adjust the amount of sunlight it receives. But, again, the key is to provide the tree with partial shade.

Avoid direct sunlight in the summer

In particular, when sunlight is intense in the summer, even a short period of direct exposure can cause leaf scorch. Therefore, move the tree to a partially shaded area where it won’t receive direct sunlight.

Move the Coffee tree to a warmer environment in winter

Coffee trees are sensitive to cold. If you want your coffee tree to bloom, maintain a room temperature above 50°F (10°C).

When placing the tree indoors, be cautious not to expose it directly to air conditioning drafts.

Pay attention to seasonal differences in watering

Next, let’s discuss watering. The appropriate watering method differs between summer and winter. Below, we will explain how to water your coffee tree during both seasons, so adjust accordingly.

Water thoroughly in the summer after the surface dries

From July to August, during the summer months, water the tree thoroughly once the surface dries. As a guideline, water the tree until the water overflows from the bottom of the pot.

Especially during the growth period, ensure enough water, as the tree may wither if it runs out.

Ensure well-draining soil for the coffee plant

Coffee plants have shallow, spreading roots and thrive in well-draining soil, allowing the roots to absorb air easily. Conversely, poor drainage can lead to root rot and other issues.

Important factors for the fast-growing coffee plant

Coffee plants can grow quite quickly, with some varieties reaching 1 meter (3.3 feet) in height within 1 to 2 years.

To maintain their healthy growth, it’s essential to repot and prune them regularly. I will briefly explain how to repot and prune a coffee plant here.

Repotting a coffee plant

As previously mentioned, coffee plants grow quickly, and if left in the same pot, they can become root-bound. To prevent this, it’s recommended to repot your coffee plant at least once every two years.

Here’s what you’ll need to repot your coffee tree:

  • A new pot for repotting
  • Drainage materials such as potting stones or gravel
  • Well-draining soil
  • Gardening scissors

Steps for repotting a coffee plant

Repotting a coffee plant can be done in four easy steps:

  1. Spread the drainage materials at the bottom of the new pot.
  2. Fill the pot with soil up to about 70% of its height.
  3. Remove the coffee plant from its original pot and trim any dead roots using scissors. Transfer the plant to the new pot and fill any gaps with the soil.
  4. Water the plant generously until water starts overflowing from the bottom of the pot.

Pruning a coffee plant

Pruning a coffee plant promotes healthy growth, maintains branch and leaf balance, allows sunlight to reach the plant more easily, and improves air circulation.

There is no specific timing for pruning, but it’s best to do it whenever you notice the branches and leaves growing too long.

The following three basic tools are needed for pruning a coffee plant. Remember that coffee plants can grow up to 16.4 feet (5 meters) tall, so you may also need a ladder if you cannot reach the branches.

  • Pruning Shears
  • Scissors
  • Work gloves

Steps for pruning a coffee plant

Follow these four steps to prune your coffee plant:

  1. Remove old or diseased leaves at the base of the branches.
  2. Trim the long branches growing upward to adjust the height of the tree.
  3. Prune the branches growing sideways to maintain a balanced shape.

Fun fact: Various uses of coffee flowers

So far, I’ve explained how to grow coffee plants to encourage blooming. Now, let’s explore some uses for coffee flowers.

Coffee flowers can be used to make tea, not coffee

You can make tea from coffee flowers, which differs from coffee. Coffee flower tea has a sweet, fruity taste and a rich aroma.

The process is relatively simple: harvest the coffee flowers and steep them in hot water. A tea strainer is a good idea to prevent the petals from scattering.

Can you get honey from coffee flowers?

Honey can be made from the nectar of coffee flowers. However, the amount of nectar produced is small and has a high rarity value, so it is not typically harvested.

The taste of this honey has a characteristic bitterness and acidity, similar to coffee.

Can perfume be made from coffee plant flowers?

Did you know that perfume can be made from coffee plant flowers? Many perfumes worldwide are made using the pleasant aroma of coffee plant flowers.

Coffee plant flower perfume is popular worldwide. Its rich fragrance is floral yet has spicy and woody nuances, giving it a unique and captivating scent.

Here, I’ll introduce a simple method for making perfume using coffee plant flowers. Give it a try!

  1. Pick coffee plant flowers and crush them finely using a mortar and pestle.
  2. Combine the crushed coffee plant flowers with alcohol (such as vodka) in a container.
  3. Heat the mixture in a hot bath for about an hour to infuse the scent into the alcohol.
  4. Strain the mixture through a coffee filter.

Frequently asked questions about coffee plant flowers

Q: My coffee plant flowered! If it gets pollinated and bears fruit, will it produce coffee beans?

A: Once coffee flowers are pollinated, the fruit will grow and develop into coffee beans. However, it takes a considerable amount of time, about eight months from when the flowers bloom in May or June before the beans can be harvested.

Therefore, proper cultivation and management are necessary during this period.

Additionally, artificial pollination may be required if the plant is being grown indoors, as there may be no insects or wind to carry the pollen.

Q: I’ve been growing a coffee plant for five years, but it still hasn’t flowered. How many years does it take for a coffee plant to bloom?

A: It’s difficult to say an exact number of years, as it varies depending on the individual plant and variety.

To encourage flowering, it’s essential to cultivate the plant healthily, as I’ve discussed earlier. The time it takes for a plant to flower can vary depending on the specific plant and variety.

You might want to review the growing conditions if your plant hasn’t flowered after five years. 

Q: Is there a specific direction to place a coffee plant to enhance its feng shui effect?

A: The optimal direction depends on the desired effect, but some directions can enhance the effects.

In feng shui, the southeast direction is favorable for abundance and prosperity. Therefore, placing the plant in the southeast is recommended to improve your health luck.

On the other hand, the northwest direction is believed to enhance wealth luck. To boost your coffee plant’s financial luck, place it in the northwest direction.

In summary, while growing a coffee plant and encouraging it to flower takes some time and effort, the beautiful, fragrant blossoms make it all worthwhile. In this article, I’ve discussed the following points:

  • The meaning of coffee plant flowers and their role in feng shui
  • Key points and methods for making a coffee plant flower
  • Fun facts using coffee plant flowers
  • Frequently asked questions about coffee plant flowers

It takes time for a coffee plant to bloom, and you must pay constant attention to watering and sunlight exposure throughout the seasons.

However, the beauty and delight of the flowers once they bloom make it all worthwhile. I encourage you to practice the advice in this article and try to make your coffee plant flower.

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